DTM’s Flow Monitoring Registry (FMR) surveys people on the move at key transit points within South Sudan and at its borders. It provides an insight into mobility trends and patterns, migration drivers and traveller profiles to inform programming by humanitarian and development partners and by the government. Nineteen Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) were active in January 2019, surveying internal flows and cross-border travel between South Sudan (SSD in figures) and Uganda (UGA), the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Sudan (SDN).
Cross-border flows with Uganda and the DRC were primarily short-term and often driven by economic or family reasons.
The net outflow to Uganda among respondents travelling for more than six months amounted to 1,103 individuals (1,894 individuals outgoing and 791 incoming).
Voluntary travellers intending to stay longer in Uganda or the DRC were often joining their family or returning after conducting business in South Sudan.
Forced displacement within South Sudan (1,606 individuals) and to Uganda (2,577 individuals) was driven by conflict in the Equatorias and conflict-induced food insecurity.
743 individuals, 621 of whom South Sudanese nationals, were displaced from the DRC to South Sudan mostly as a result of food insecurity; the main counties of destination were Yei (617 individuals) and Yambio (116).
Lack of access to remote border crossings may explain low observed displacement to the DRC.
57% of 376 people surveyed on arrival from Sudan were returning from forced displacement; more FMPs are needed to obtain a more comprehensive picture of return flows from Sudan.
Travel to Sudan was often of medium intended duration and driven by access to healthcare and family visits.
Source: International Organization for Migration