About 3,500 people in five return villages in Jebel Moon locality (West Darfur) were affected by tribal conflict.
Over 22,000 people voluntarily returned to their home areas in Katayla and Ed El Fursan localities in South Darfur.
In efforts to encourage, monitor and verify returns, authorities in North Darfur established the Committee for the Coordination of Voluntary Returns.
Current macroeconomic conditions may drive high levels of food insecurity in 2019 � FEWS NET.
Humanitarian organizations continue to assist some 21,500 IDPs in Sortony gathering site, North Darfur.
Aid agencies visit five return villages in Jebel Moon locality, West Darfur
On 17 January inter-communal conflict in the Jebel Moon locality of West Darfur State affected an estimated 3,500 people in the five return villages of Chilchil, Girji Girji, Bir Bateha, Dileibaya and Khomi. In some of the villages homes and recent harvests were burned and livestock was looted. Government forces brought the situation under control by 19 January and some of the perpetrators were reportedly arrested. People had spontaneously returned to these villages from refugee camps in Chad and from villages located along the Sudan-Chad border in 2017 and 2018 following encouragement from authorities to return and the improvement of the security situation with the establishment of police posts.
A joint inter-agency needs assessment team visited the affected villages from 12 to 14 February to assess needs. The villagers had initially fled their homes to Selea, Kuru and Rakkeina villages�close to the Jebel Moon mountains�and some moved into neighbouring Chad. At the time of the assessment most had returned to their homes.
The main gaps identified by the mission team were the lack of basic services and availability of only one functioning water pump in each village, which is shared with the nomadic communities living nearby. The mission team recommended establishing additional water sources to avoid possible conflict over resources. In addition, there are no health, nutrition, education, sanitation or community conflict resolution/reconciliation centres/mechanisms available in any of the villages. Other recommendations include the provision of emergency shelter and household supplies; and distribution of food aid as most food supplies were destroyed.
In addition to humanitarian assistance, more durable solutions are required, the mission reported. These include the reinforcement of the security situation and carrying out reconciliation activities to maintain peace in the area and to encourage more returns. Basic services such as water, health, nutrition, education and sanitation services also need to be established. Livelihood assistance is necessary to help the returnees rebuild their lives and should include the distribution of agricultural supplies such as seeds and tools.
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs